Chris Noon, 07.20.06, 8:00 AM ET
A vaccine for the destructive HIV/AIDS virus has so far proved elusive. Yet the world's largest philanthropic organization, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, is hoping a daisy chain of highly collaborative research consortia will work together to speed the creation of a treatment.
The organization will stump up $287 million over the next five years, which will be divided into 16 grants for science squads across the world--with the proviso that they work collaboratively on new approaches. All the recipients of Bill Gates' largesse will be obliged to share their findings, even if they had been working on competing projects. "